Linux login using Azure Active Directory credentials



In the dim and distant past (2 years ago) - i wrote up a post here http://dbaharrison.blogspot.com/2016/11/linux-in-azure-single-sign-on.html talking about how you could authenticate users in linux against AAD for a nicer user management experience - this worked pretty well but wasn't perfect.

It now seems that Microsoft have done this themselves and made the whole thing a lot slicker.

The benefits of the new method are:

Access (including admin access) can be granted directly through the portal - no messing with sudo config on servers.

Reporting on who has access as well as all identity management can also be done from the portal

So lets see how this is configured - first up we need to enable an extension from Microsoft  - this currently can't be done from the GUI portal and must be done via one of the command line options - the below is taken from the MS docs and shows doing it with the azure cli -


az vm extension set \
    --publisher Microsoft.Azure.ActiveDirectory.LinuxSSH \
    --name AADLoginForLinux \
    --resource-group myResourceGroup \
    --vm-name myVM

Once that extension is installed you are then able to make use of the functionality - if the extension is working fine you should see this status on the extensions page in the portal for AADLoginForLinux



To now add users to be able to login to linux you navigate to the IAM blade in the portal for that VM - from there there are 2 new roles that are grantable to let you login

Virtual Machine User Login (let's you log in to linux as normal user)
Virtual Machine Administrator Login (let's you login and sudo to root)

They are slightly confusingly named i think as the name implies this works for any VM type - but this does not work for windows (even though some docs kind of imply that it does) - you can see those two roles mentioned here:



Once one of those roles is granted you'll be able to login to linux using standard ssh clients - the key thing to be aware of here is that the username is the full name from AD and that this name is case sensitive!

so for example if my AAD user is abcDEF123@contoso.com - this exact username has to be used in linux

If i now login using my favourite ssh client i am prompted as normal for username (where i enter the whole AAD identity) , followed by my password - after you type the password and hit enter you get this:



So now navigate to the microsoft devicelogin portal enter the prompted code:


Click continue and you'll go through the normal Azure authentication process (using whatever your company has defined - with or without MFA etc) - once that is passed you'll see this screen:


Go back to linux after that and hit enter and you'll be logged in, if the admin role was granted you'll be a member of the admin group which is defined in the sudoers file to be able to do anything using sudo.

Pretty nice - it means i can have a single identity accessing everything and a single point of control - if a user leaves the company i disable the account in on premise AD - this replicates to AAD and disables it there and then no login is possible to any linux machine - no worrying about having to tidy up local accounts.

One other thing to mention as it may affect some other implementations of this is that if you have conditional access activated on your AAD then you may need to account for that in the rules defined - in our setup the AADlinux application was not permitted and this was blocking it from working (though we couldn't see that and had to raise a ticket with MS to discover that).

To fix we added an exclusion rule to enable this application to be able to talk to AAD rather than it just being completely blocked - for reference this is what the application is called in case you need to make a similar exclusion


The feature is currently still in preview (but surely must be coming out of that soon) and currently doesn't support all linux flavours - there are more details here from the official MS docs:

https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/virtual-machines/linux/login-using-aad

Nice job though - this is a real identify and access control improvement.


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